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A compelling new report from the Orange County Register profiled one such example of a person whose Down syndrome may have predicated future incidence of Alzheimer’s disease. Ruth Russi, who was born in 1959 with Down syndrome, was not expected to live past her fifth birthday. While manifesting the classical symptoms of the disease, she […]

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Experts offer tips for reducing skin cancer risk

Each day, about 8,500 Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer. That’s a figure that doesn’t include the rest of the world, as more and more people suffer from melanoma, often when they least expect it. But when it comes to avoiding the disease, it’s not as simplistic as applying sunscreen whenever you go to the beach or anywhere where you’re expecting a lot of exposure to the sun, according to some leading experts on the disease.

skin-cancerUsing sunscreen is one thing, but according to Brigham and Women’s Hospital specialist Dr. Emily Stamell Ruiz, patients should use moisturizer with SPF 30 on a daily basis, after washing or shaving. Thanks to this simple step, you can protect yourself from sun exposure in seemingly innocent everyday situations. And that even includes walking to and from your car parked outside.

Ruiz noted that sun exposure can also be a thing in the winter, and with that in mind, she suggests that people apply two tablespoons of SPF 30 sunscreen on their entire bodies about 90 minutes before going outside, and repeating the process every two hours.

As for the viability of sunscreen, Ruiz added that it could still be helpful beyond preventive measures, even for those who have already been diagnosed with skin cancer.

“What (previous studies) found is using sunscreen actually reduces the number of subsequent skin cancers that they get,” Ruiz explained. “So it still is worthwhile even if you’ve had one kind of skin cancer.”

Aside from using the right kind of sunscreen, or products with SPF 30 protection (or more) even in everyday situations, experts recommend that people check for new moles or similar growths each month. Red or white marks that bleed, rough red areas with scaly consistency, recurring sores, new and quickly-growing moles, itchy or bleeding moles, and moles that change color can all be a possible sign of skin cancer, and good reason for one to see their dermatologist.

If you’re going to the beach in the coming summer months, it’s advised that you wear protective clothing, such as hats, sunglasses, and long-sleeved shirts when not in the water. 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. are considered the best times to stay in a shaded area, as that’s when the sun’s rays are at its strongest. Water, sand, and even snow are capable of reflecting the sun’s rays, so you may also want to take care in such situations.

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